Sinus headaches are usually taken care of by primary care physicians such as specialists in family medicine, or pediatrics. In complicated cases, an ENT doctor may be consulted. In the case of an infection, you may be referred to a specialist in infectious diseases.
Can the symptoms be treated at home?
Although there are several home remedies that work to treat sinus headaches and infections, it is important to seek medical care as early as possible if you are uncertain about the cause of your symptoms or if there is considerable severity of the infection. Symptoms of a severe infection may include high fever, if high pain persists or if there is swelling in the face.
How is a sinus headache diagnosed?
In some cases, a CT scan will be taken to get images of the sinuses but most of the time a physical examination and medical history are usually enough to make a diagnosis. Some doctors may advise you to do a CT scan anyway to confirm the diagnosis and rule out any other possibility.
Self-care at home through the use of home remedies, as well as prescription medications to control pain and inflammation is all that is needed to treat most cases of sinus headaches.
Some things you can do to alleviate the pain and help in recovery are:
• Stay hydrated by drinking lots of fluids and sipping on water throughout the day.
• Use salt water (saline) nasal sprays.
• Breathe humidified air by using a humidifier (devices that emit water vapor or steam to increase humidity) if you live in a particularly dry place.
• Nasal irrigation which flushes out mucus can help relieve symptoms.
• Use of over-the-counter medications that can be prescribed to you by your primary care physician
If your symptoms do not show any signs of improving even after the treatment or if symptoms get worse, you should definitely get in touch with your doctor as the problem could be more severe than initially presumed.
Tips for preventing sinus headaches
There are a few things you can do to minimize the risk of suffering from the symptoms associated with this condition:
Practicing good hygiene such as washing your hands often can help to prevent colds and infections in the upper respiratory system.
Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids and using an air humidifier can also help promote efficient drainage of fluids from the sinuses minimizing the risk of infection.
Avoiding allergic triggers will greatly help prevent sinus infections for people with allergies
Stopping smoking also decreases your risk of infections.