Author Archives: Selena

About Selena

Your pain is the breaking of the shell that encloses your understanding.

How to Make A Stunning Cosplay Makeup and Hairdo

Cosplaying is not less than any other creative expression and like many others, it demands a level of expertise and experience for proper execution. You might just be the guy who buys a costume and goes to the party just for the fun and the company of likeminded fellows but if you really want to present yourself as a character you admire, or if you want to participate for a competition you would need to go a bit more. We have compiled some tips on how you can do a better makeup to leave a lasting impression.

The first thing you want to do is clean up your face before applying makeup, this will remove all the dust and oil that later disturb the makeup. A clean face is also easy to work on.

Makeup for Photoshoot 
If you expect a photoshoot at a convention, which would usually be the scenario, you might want to do a little extra. You also need to know the lighting conditions of the place e.g. is it outside in daylight or at night, is it indoors with colorful lights or with bright lights, is it indoors with grim lights, etc. This is because the types of lights greatly effect how you look on camera.

What you should normally do is:

Moisturize: Moisturize your face especially cheeks, around the nose, and under the eyelids.

Concealer: You should select a concealer that matches perfectly to your skin color. Beauty shops such as Sephora even allow you test. It does not need to be too expensive. Apply it to your scars, acne or any other spots on your face.

Foundation: Use a sponge to apply foundation all over your face. You can use any trusted local foundation that does the work. Try not to overdo it, you need to blend.

Powder: Lastly apply powder which will absorb all the oil and provide a final finish to your face.

The above four steps will give you a perfect face for the camera. After that it is up to you and the type of character what kind of makeup you put on it. Try to put more emphasis on the face as it is the most lively and crucial part of the face. Try to apply bright colors as they reflect perfectly on a camera.

When it comes to hair the products you use will change along with the changing requirements. Following are a few products you can use to color and style your hair for a cosplay.

Hair Spray 
A hairspray gives you a vast variety of colors but leaves you with a helmet like head. Every colored hair strand will be in place. But you will not be able to pass your fingers through your hair.

A gel can be used when variety is not that important but washablility is. It comes in limited colors but simultaneously colors and styles your hair. It can easily be washed off with shampoo. Got2b spiking glue, is one of the best in the market, particularly for cosplaying.

One can also use chalk for a pastel-like texture for your hair. It is easy to use. You just need to slide it over your hair and it is easily washable. You can also brush your hair but it may fall on your dress if you don’t apply hairspray over it.

If you want your hair color to last longer you might want to apply Demi-Permanent Dye which will last for over 25 shampoos. Another easy and risk-free solution is using the clip-on hair of your favorite characters.

About the Author: The author owns a well-recognized shop for cosplaying items and is himself a cosplaying enthusiast.

Makeup Artists Malaysia(MuaM) is an established online platform to offer cosplay makeup, character makeup, face painting, Chinese Oprah, performance makeup for dancers, fashion show and drama. MuaM has been providing a quality service since 4 years ago and received many positive feedback from our clients.

Our makeup artists are interviewed and thoroughly been reviewed for their previous past jobs before we work together. At this moment, you can find our service in Penang, Ipoh and Klang Valley. We can have further discussion if you would like to have appointment with us which you stay in other places.

Herbal Pain Relief Oil – A Proven Way To Get Relief From Joint Pains

Are you struggling from joint pains -Why? There are so many solutions to this problem available in the market. In case, you don’t have full faith on allopathic medicines then don’t need to worry herbal medicines also have proven solutions to this problem. Herbal medicines have the solution of almost all your problems, but the first and foremost things, which you should know is the reason behind this pain. It is may occur due to swelling, redness, stiffness over the affected joints. The one and only proven solution to this problem is Sumod Rub Oil, which is also considered as herbal pain relief oil.

This not only helps you to get relief from joint pain, but also give reliefs from a headache, back pain or muscle pain. It is very easy and safe to use. You can take one drop of this Sumod Rub Oil and apply it on your joints for overnight, and you will feel the change and relaxation from your pain when you wake up the next morning. This oil is easily absorbed by your skin because of its natural herbs and gives you instant relief. This herbal pain relief oil is anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antiseptic & muscles relaxant. Apart from giving relief from pain, it also helps to increase blood flow in your body, so it works smoothly.

As this oil gives you relief from pain, so, you don’t need to take pain killers & anti-inflammatory drugs and it also saved you from their side effects. This oil is laboratory tested and manufactured with natural herbs, which make it highly affected in joint pains. So, it’s time to forget painkillers that have too many awful side effects. This oil heals joint pain more quickly than any other remedy available in the market. The best thing about this herbal pain relief oil is that it is easily available in the market at a wallet-friendly price, and actually less expensive than the allopathic medicines.

It has no side effects and anyone can use it with complete guidance. One important thing that you should remember while using this herbal pain relief oil is that it is only for external use and always taking it away from children. So, it’s time to say “goodbye” to your joint pains. You don’t need to struggle with your pain anymore. Sumod Rub Oil one of the proven and trusted natural remedy site perfect choice for you.

Treatment for Orthopedic Pain

If you feel pain doing normal day-to-day activities, then you need help. It is especially important to find a hospital that will handle your case individually and address all the things that you may be dealing with, you need specialized treatment and a team of orthopedists should be able to offer you help in different fields to ensure that all matters are handled as exclusively and quickly as possible. These are the kinds of people, who can handle emergency cases in the orthopedic area.


This is a field of medicine that revolves around the treatment and study of the musculoskeletal system. This is most especially the muscles, the joints, and the spine. This is an area that deals with disorder corrections as well as correction of deformities that are related to one’s musculoskeletal system. This means that orthopedics is very close to the treatment and handling of back pain.

The orthopedic care usually employs different kinds of management techniques including physical therapy, manual treatment as well as bracing. Bracing is done so as to handle different kinds of spinal dysfunctions like the sacroiliac joint, scoliosis, and chronic back pain.

Carpel tunnel syndrome

This is a syndrome that is often referred to as CTS. It leads to the numbness, weakness, tingling, pain, as well as other types of problems within the hand because of pressure on the median nerve within the wrist. This nerve has different tendons running through into your hand via the carpal tunnel. It is this nerve that controls movement as well as sensations in the thumb and the three fingers with the exception of the small one. When this nerve is put under pressure, it can cause CTS.

The pressure exerted can be from anything, which makes the tunnel appear smaller. There are diseases that can cause this like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or even hypothyroidism. There are other causes such as early postpartum recovery because of fluid in the extremities, pregnancy, postural considerations, as well as the hormonal differences.

Treating this syndrome may include non-surgical options like physical therapy, exercise on the fingers, Hand, and wrist. A brace can also be worn to make the joint immobile. This is a common area where orthopedists concentrate on. It is important to note that this is only one of the areas that can be affected.

Arthroscopic surgery

In some cases, surgery may be necessary, especially when the pain is too much. The different operations can include ACL constructions, rotator cuff reconstructions, shoulder reconstruction, and even joint replacement.

There are other areas that are treated with advanced surgery. They include ankle and foot surgeries, repairing tendons in the triceps and biceps. Congenital abnormalities in the hand are also dealt with.

Your hand can have abnormalities straight from birth and this can cause a lot of restrictions to one as they grow older and wants to interact with the surroundings. Different orthopedists have the know-how and training to handle different classifications and degrees of abnormalities satisfactorily.

The Art and Science of Dentofacial Orthopedics

The field of dentistry has many spheres, including general dentistry, cosmetic and restorative dentistry, with approaches both minimally invasive to full maxillofacial surgery. There is one sub-field that requires quite of a bit of training and is truly unique in its ability to help prevent some of dentistry’s biggest challenges. We are referring to dentofacial orthopedics.

Dentofacial Orthopedics Defined

While this is not a term often heard out and about–it is very important work. Dentists working in this sphere focus on helping to guide the growth of properly sized and shaped jaws and correctly spaced teeth as they emerge into the gumline. Parents who wish to have their children assessed for future orthodontic problems must bring them along to a consultation, while the doctor evaluates whether the shape and size of the skull/jawline and current teeth eruption pattern indicates the need for special appliances.

Headgear and TADs

These are usually headgear or expanders. The headgear is perhaps the most dreaded of the orthodontic appliances, but also one of the most useful for healthy dental formation in the future.

The reason for headgear is that sometimes extra anchorage is needed to really pull the teeth into the position they need to go than can be gathered from the force of other teeth in the mouth. Then, the entire head or jaw may be used to anchor the appliance. This makes it very effective, when the shape of the facial structure is being moulded into the proper shape for good tooth emergence.

These appliances need not disrupt a patient’s life either, as the external devices only require to be worn for twelve hours per day. Now, there are also temporary anchorage devices (TADs) available, which are basically very small screws installed into the jaw to produce the anchorage effect with minimal visual impact.

Palatal Expanders

Palatal expanders are devices worn inside the top jaw, most usually, to expand a too-narrow skeletal structure that often leads to teeth overcrowding or an incorrect bite between the maxilla and mandible.

There are various types of expansion schedules. The rapid expansion has the dentofacial orthopedic specialist put in the device, which has a key or screw at the center that kicks up the expansion/stretching process when necessary. Then, the patient is told to turn the screw every day resulting in a 1/2mm to 1mm expansion each time until the desired expansion is achieved. The expander is kept in for several months after the initial stretching period, to allow this change to become permanent. A less accelerated plan allows the patient to achieve a change of 1mm expansion every week for a period of 8-11 weeks. This allows the expansion to be more cemented into the skeletal structure of the jaw and not to just be a change strictly in the teeth. There are also implant-assisted and surgical expansion plans available, but those are rarely necessary unless the case is severe or the patient is outside their growth spurt window.

Why Are Teeth Sensitive After a Filling

You have had sensitive teeth before and learned that the pain was due to cavities. However, it has been a few years and the sensitivity is starting to come back. Aren’t fillings suppose to block the pain of decayed teeth?

Cavities and Tooth Sensitivity

Pain from tooth sensitivity isn’t always the result of cavities, but it can be a sign of tooth decay. Tooth decay can weaken the hard, protective covering of the teeth, called enamel. Once the enamel is compromised, the inner layers of the tooth are exposed to outside elements such as air, food and drink. It is in these inner portions of the tooth where blood vessels and nerves are located. When hot, cold or overly sweet food and drink particles enter the tooth, they can aggravate the nerves causing tooth pain and sensitivity.


Fillings are a common restorative dental procedure to halt the progression of cavities and prevent the tooth from further decay. Dental bonding is placed into and over “holes” in the tooth caused by cavities after the tooth has been cleaned and the plaque removed. This bonding agent is then “cemented” in place using an ultraviolet light. Fillings often resolve tooth sensitivity caused by tooth decay as the nerves and inner parts of the tooth are once again covered and protected.

Sometimes the cavity is too deep or widespread for fillings to be effective. In these cases, a dental crown will be placed over the decayed tooth.

Why Fillings Fail

Dental fillings, like many other dental types of dental work, don’t last forever and do eventually wear out or get loose. When a filling weakens or comes off, the filling will need to be replaced by the dentist.

Fillings are exposed to a lot of wear and tear. The act of chewing, biting, grinding and clenching of the teeth over many years does take a toll on fillings.

If you’ve had fillings and experience sudden tooth sensitivity and your filling hasn’t fallen out or gotten loose, it could mean your filling is about to give out.

A failing or failed dental filling re-exposes those damaged areas of the enamel and the underlying nerves. This causes potentially serious pain and tooth sensitivity.

While a failed filling isn’t considered a dental emergency, one should schedule an appointment with his or her dentist as soon as possible. The longer the vulnerable, sensitive inner portions of the tooth are exposed to outside elements such as germs and bacteria, the greater the chance of getting tooth decay. Additionally, the pain and discomfort caused by the resulting tooth sensitivity can be intense enough to negatively affect one’s daily life.

In rare cases patients may experience tooth sensitivity immediately after getting their fillings. There are many reasons for this including the tooth’s reaction to the filling material (some patients have adverse reactions to amalgam fillings) and incorrect placement of the filling.

Keep Your Health in Check With Regular Visits to Your Dentist

Keeping Check of Bad Habits

A lot of bad habits can affect oral health in a negative way, and some of them even lead to serious issues that people may not realize. A number of these habits are biting ice, biting their nails, chewing sticky sweets or hard candies, clenching their jaw, grinding their teeth, brushing their teeth too roughly, sipping coffee and drinking red wine, as well as smoking.

Going to the dentist regularly will enable him/her to inspect the patients for any oral issues resulting from the above mentioned, or other habits that they themselves may not have observed.

When the dentist informs them about the effects of such destructive habits, this will let them change their lifestyle to avoid the damage even more. Regular dental visits will let them repair the existing problem, and let their oral health look at its best.

Check Problems Beneath the Surface using X-rays

The most critical reason to visit a dentist twice a year is to check teeth and jawbone with an X-ray. With the help of X-ray images, dentists can see what lies underneath the surface of the mouth, then detect and diagnose issues that are not seen by the naked eye.

Such issues include impacted teeth, those that grow but are blocked from protruding through the gums – like, for instance, wisdom teeth.

Other issues that can be detected are damage to the jawbone, bone decay, cysts, tumors, swelling, and all these can only be seen by means of X-ray imaging. It is very critical to look for the signs of any serious oral problems right away so they can be treated in the proper way.

When it comes to destructive oral diseases that have no symptoms but advance fast, the best way to remain on top of health is to have checkups and undergo x-rays twice a year.

Check Neck, Head and Lymph Nodes

Aside from checking the mouth, tongue and gums for any signs of oral cancer, the dentist also inspects the jaw, neck and lymph nodes seen just below the jawline for visible lumps, swelling or other abnormalities.

In case an abnormality is detected, this may be a sign of a major health problem, and the dentist will inform the patient as well as refer him/her to the right medical professional.

Though swollen lymph nodes do not really hurt or seem extraordinary, when they are properly identified by a specialist, these could be a sign of a certain type of cancer or disease that needs attention as soon as possible.

Foregoing regular dental checkups reduces the chances of checking the neck and thyroid glands. It may only take a minute for the dentist to look for abnormalities, but this could identify a very serious disease that could make a huge difference between life and death.

The job of dentists and dental specialists is not only to repair teeth. They also clean teeth thoroughly to make sure that these – as well as gums – remain healthy, and inspect the mouth for abnormalities that are overlooked, yet could actually be symptoms of serious health issues.

Dental specialists see to it that their patients have strong bones, and help correct habits that may be placing their oral health at risk.

The Importance of Regular Dental Check Up

It is very important to go to the dentist regularly for check up since this will enable the teeth and gums to remain healthy. It is best to have a regular dental visit twice a year or when required by the dentist.

What takes place on a dental visit?

A regular dental visit is composed of 2 parts: check up/examination and cleaning/oral prophylaxis.

During the dental visit, the dentist will check teeth for any cavities. X-rays may be used to detect cavities in between teeth. An exam may be done to check plaque and tartar on the teeth.

Plaque is a type of bacteria that is clear and sticky. When not taken away, it can harden then become tartar, which cannot be removed by simply brushing or flossing. Plaque and tartar that build up on teeth can trigger oral diseases.

Then the dentist will check gums. This is usually done using a certain tool for measuring how deep the space is between teeth and gums. The spaces of healthy gums are shallow. The spaces are deeper on those with gum disease.

The throat, tongue, head, face and neck should also be carefully examined during the check-up. This could detect symptoms of serious dental problems like redness, swelling and even worse, cancer.

The dentist will also clean the teeth thoroughly. Though the plaque can be cleaned from teeth by brushing and flossing at home, tartar cannot be removed. Only a dental professional can remove tartar using special tools. This method is known as scaling. Scaling has the ability to remove plaque and tartar.

Once the teeth are scaled, the next step is polishing. Most often, the dentist uses a gritty paste. This helps remove surface stains left on teeth. The last step is flossing. The dental specialist will use floss to ensure that areas between teeth are clean.

What should people do between dental visits?

They should always take care of their teeth and gums. It is easy for plaque to form on teeth, but this can be managed by regular brushing and flossing. The following are some good oral care tips for home:

  • Brush teeth twice daily. Make sure to use a toothpaste with fluoride.
  • Floss everyday.
  • Gargle mouthwash to control plaque bacteria. This will also help freshen breath.

Visits to the dentist are important since they help keep teeth and gums healthy. The two parts of a regular dental visit are:

  • the check up
  • the cleaning

Whenever the dentist checks your teeth, he/she also checks the overall oral health for any problem areas.

While cleaning the teeth, the dental specialist will get rid of plaque and tartar buildup and may even polish teeth.

A regular dental visit should be done at least twice yearly, or upon advice of the dentist.

What Are Your Options for Teeth Whitening?

How whitening toothpaste works and how effective it is

All toothpaste are designed to remove stains on the teeth’s surface by means of mild abrasives. There are whitening toothpaste with gentle polishing/chemical agents that give added stain removal. Whitening toothpaste is only able to remove surface stains and does not have bleach.

In contrast, professional and over-the-counter whitening products have hydrogen peroxide (a bleaching substance), which helps in removing stains on the surface and deep inside the tooth. Whitening toothpaste for home use are not as effective in producing the bleaching results given by your dentist via power bleaching or chair-side bleaching.

Regular whitening toothpaste can make your tooth lighter by one shade. On the other hand, light-activated whitening done by your dentist can make your teeth lighter by three to eight shades.

I want to change the shape of my teeth. What available options are there?

There is a wide range of options on changing the shape of teeth, making teeth seem longer, closing spaces between teeth or fixing cracked/chipped teeth. Such options include bonding, crowns, recontouring and veneers.

Dental bonding

In this procedure, a tooth-colored resin material (made of durable plastic) is applied to the surface of the tooth and hardened using a special light, which “bonds” it to the tooth.

Dental crown

These tooth-shaped “caps” are placed over the teeth. When the crowns are cemented into place, they cover the whole visible part of a tooth that lies on top of the gum line.


Teeth recontouring or reshaping (also known as enameloplasty, odontoplasty, slenderizing or stripping) is a procedure wherein small quantities of tooth enamel are removed to change the length, surface or shape of a tooth.


These are sometimes referred to as porcelain veneers/dental porcelain laminates. They are wafer-thin, customized shells of tooth-colored materials designed to hide the front teeth surface. They are bonded to the front surface of the teeth.

All of these options vary in terms of cost, “chair time” needed to finish the procedure, stain resistant features, durability and best cosmetic approach in resolving the problem. Consult your dentist to know the right one for you.

What are dental sealants? Who can get them? How long will they last?

The thin, plastic coating painted on the teeth’s chewing surfaces like the back teeth (molars, premolars) to protect against tooth decay are called sealants. The liquid sealant which is painted on bonds fast into teeth depressions and groves to form a shield over the tooth enamel to protect it.

Children often have sealants on their permanent teeth (molars and premolars) once their teeth appear. This way, dental sealants will be able to protect their teeth during the time when they are more prone to cavities, from 6 to 14 years of age. Nevertheless, adults can benefit from sealants as well, even if they do not have fillings or tooth decay.

Though sealants can prevent tooth decay for a long time, they still need to be examined for wear and tear or chipping during regular dental visits.

Reasons Why Cosmetic Dentistry Is Fast Becoming Popular

No matter what their age, people feel insecure when their teeth are stained, crooked, misaligned or missing. This affects their self-confidence. Thanks to cosmetic dentistry, they can overcome such issues. For this reason, more people are taking cosmetic dentistry into consideration.

Furthermore, cosmetic dentistry is a treatment that is free of risks. This article will discuss a number of the major reasons why more individuals are going for cosmetic dentistry.

A beautiful smile can boost confidence.

Discolored or missing teeth can let individuals have low self-esteem because they do not feel sure regarding their imperfections. During this time, when people think they are not attractive, this will somehow affect their social lives.

They may start to shy away from get-togethers, smile less and end up being intimidated. Usually, the reason why some people do not smile enough is because of improper dental care.

Occasions motivate people to get that beautiful smile.

Whether it is a person’s marriage or another important occasion he/she is going to attend, it is fast and easy to visit a dental professional to beautify that smile. No one should look sad and blue, or prevent himself/herself from smiling big during the most important day of his/her life.

People should not let their horrible smile keep them from enjoying their big day to the maximum. Important events explain why people decide on teeth brightening when considering that they improve the way they look, and not hide their smile on such a special occasion.

Avoid diseases and remain healthy

Oral ailments like tooth decay and plaque are too hideous for people to glance at, and unfavorably influence our general health. Oral issues can affect a lot of things – such as eating patterns, stomach related problems, respiratory health and stroke, among others.

To avoid more serious medical problems, or to repair the damage caused by oral sickness, some individuals go for a restorative medical procedure. For those that have stained teeth and are prone to cavity, this can be prevented by covering them with crowns/caps that will help in restoring their unique shape.

Be charming in the world of business with a big smile.

When people meet other people, they perceive them based on their physical appearance. Since they, more often than not, do not get to talk much with people they just met, they try to build a connection with these individuals – no matter what the outcome may be, whether positive or negative – considering the way they look on the outside, move and sound. In the professional world, it is favorable to make a good first impression and establish great first connections.

It would be favorable to get rid of bad habits.

Smokers are totally aware of the yellowing effect the nicotine has on their teeth. Actually, if they really want to leave this habit, they should take proficient cosmetic teeth whitening, or another corrective dental treatment into consideration.

The truth is, once they realize that they have finally gotten the white teeth they desire, they will have to get rid of the habit of smoking cigarettes to maintain their flawless smile. The same is true for those who are addicted to sweets – since eating a lot of desserts can cause harm to their teeth, as well as gums.

Community Integration Program for The Well Being of People With Developmental Disabilities

For normal human beings, conducting their day-to-day activities is a form of living life. However there is a section of people who are unable to do so without help. Even if they are able to do on their own, it is accompanied with great pain and labor. For such people, also called disabled people, it is convenient for their families to lodge them in institutions against their wishes – institutions which were built primarily to help them and take care of them but in truth have evolved to be breeding ground for maltreatment, abuse and neglect.

People with developmental disability are the ones who have long-term medical problems that could be due to genetic and prenatal issues or preterm birth with the effect that going through the daily routine of life also becomes a major concern for them and their families. They are people who either have physical or mental disabilities or have both.

Community integration is the process of being a part of the community with self-dignity where each and every person enjoys certain rights and liberties. It is the right for all people irrespective of their mental and physical health, race, caste, religion, sex or age.

Community integration for people with developmental disabilities revolves around this concept that disabled people too have equal rights to live in a community just like other people instead of being locked up in institutions unnecessarily. Even the United Nations has risen up to this cause and many western countries like the United States passing laws have passed laws that protect the right of people with mental and physical disabilities – laws that permit disabled people to co-exist in the community and not be institutionalized for indefinite period. Such laws helps the community to accept developmentally disabled people as active members of their community and help them live under a supervised community integration program that involves equal opportunities of education, employment, housing, healthcare and recovery.

The program is setup in a way that people with developmental disabilities are able to use the local transportation, live in supported apartments or specially built housing for the disabled, access local schools and hospitals and enjoy financial independence when they get hired by employers who create jobs for disabled people.

As the first step towards integrating disabled people with the community, young children or adults with special needs continue to stay with their parents and family. However, many of the youngsters find it difficult to do so with passing years. At times it also becomes stressful for the ageing parents to care for their child on a continual basis. In such cases, group homes become a viable option as housing for the disabled. Since these homes have many people with similar special needs residing in one locality, it proves to be the perfect setting for them to gain confidence and live life on their own.

Some of them also opt for assisted living for developmentally disabled where they can live in their own apartment, cook their own food and receive assistance with regards to certain daily activities like bathing, cleaning the house, getting their daily dose of medicines and other such activities. These assisted apartments hire the services of unskilled or specialized people as per requirement to deliver these services.

The program also consists of community integration for seniors so that they are able to move out of institutions and nursing homes and live in the community independently with dignity and enjoy equal rights as other people. They could choose to live in assisted homes or otherwise and are able to access medical resources, meals etc as part of the community integration program.

Ways To Promote Independence in Developmentally Disabled

Our society as a whole can only function well when all its sections are working well. Americans with disabilities are an equal part of this society. The society can treat them as a burden and choose to ignore, as it has been conveniently doing since long. However, the best way to deal with the problem is to accept it. Community integration of developmentally disabled adults and kids is the right way to solve the problem. Treating people with intellectual disability with respect and as equals is the way. If they are given the right training, exposure, and opportunities, they can become a contributing member of the society. They are only a bit slow and they have had no control over it. All that is required is the inclusion of people with mental disabilities.

Jobs for disabled are disproportionate. It is no secret that the share of the developmentally disabled adults in jobs is very low. As per the statistics released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, only 17.9% people with disabilities were employed in 2016. The employment ration of people without disabilities is well above 76%. This shows that community integration has been lacking. The sense of empathy and companionship may have been lingering deep in our hearts it has been absent in the society.

It is important that we all take steps to increase their participation in society as a whole. Making them feel as a contributing member is very important. Some ways to promote their independence and increase their participation are:

Give Work 
Work is always emancipating. It breaks barriers and brings people into the mainstream. Developmentally disabled adults mainly remain cut-off from society because they do not get to work in it. It is important that we give them work. Right to work with everyone will give them a sense of belonging. They will be able to integrate into the society better. Developmental disabilities services are limited and their scope needs to be widened.

Sports Opportunities 
Sports is a great way to break inhibitions and make people comfortable and loved. It can be a great medium for promoting community integration in people with mental disabilities. It makes people more inclined towards taking initiative. It can become a starting point for gaining independence.

Respect and Interaction 
One of the biggest reasons for people with intellectual disabilities not being independent is lack of trust. Our interaction with them is so low that we are never able to develop respect for their abilities. People with mental disabilities are generally fit for physical work. They are employable in several types of jobs. It is our lack of knowledge and trust that keeps them aloof. By increasing interaction with them, a trust-building exercise can be started. Their community integration through work will propel their quest for independence. Supported housing is also a great way to increase their interaction with everyone. They will get higher exposure and live with everyone without inhibitions.

Increase Representation 
The less we know, the lesser we bother. Developmentally disabled adults have a very low representation in society. This has created a vacuum. A feel-good factor where we have closed our eyes to a reality. This can be changed by increasing their representation in the society. Allowing more people to work, live and play besides everyone is the best way to cater to it.

Increase Awareness by Teaching 
Lack of ample knowledge about intellectual disabilities and the problems people with them face is a big reason for concern. This ignorance becomes the root cause of apathy. For greater inclusion, it is important that we teach people about them. The problems, their causes and the limitations they cause. This will help people in understanding people with mental disabilities. Their sympathetic and cooperating attitude to creating a safer environment. Developmentally disabled people will be able to move around more safely without being stared or google.

Americans with disabilities are as important part of the nation as everyone else. They can and should contribute their part in the development of nation but for that, they need to get a chance. This chance has to be given to them by making them independent. Community integration is a great step,to begin with. Supported housing is one initiative that has started bringing them into the mainstream and more such steps need to be taken.

Dealing With Headaches

Who in the world has not suffered from the glitches of headaches? A headache is defined simply as a pain, which could occur in any area inside the head. They are sometimes felt at both sides of the head, while sometimes the headache is restricted to a single zone of the head. It may happens that a wave of pain emerges from a single point in the head and get spread across the whole head.

Headaches can be felt in the following ways:

· A sharp, piercing pain.

· Dull, persistent and throbbing sensation.

· A gradual or sudden pain.

· Pain lasting from minutes to hours

Causes of Headaches: 
A headache is not a pathology; rather it is a symptom manifesting the psychological or physiological pathologies. There could be a hundred f reasons behind a simple head ache but broadly headaches are divided into two main categories. They are:

Tension -oriented headaches: 
Seventy percent of the population suffered from tension oriented headaches. This is common in both male and females; however adult’s especially elderly people are more prone to such type of headaches.

The muscles of head and neck contract intensely with a painful stimulus. The causes for such a muscle contraction includes

· Stress

· Fatigue

· Pre and post -menopausal hormonal changes

· Eye sight overload

· Nicotine addiction

· Alcohol addiction

· Over stimulation of sensory nerve like via loud noise, intense lightings

This type of headache results from any significant stress, however, constant fatigue will lead to chronic headaches persisting for longer durations.

Migraine: About twenty percent of the population is suffering from Migraine. The underlying cause of migraine is still unknown. Migraine can be defined as an unbearable pain at a side of the head with over all feeling of illness. Nausea, vomiting and intolerance of lights and sounds are the typical symptoms of migraines. The factors triggering the migraine associated headaches involve:

· Female hormonal imbalance

· Nicotine and alcohol usage

· Genetic factors

· Extensive muscle stretching or stress

· Insomnia

· Other lifestyle irregularities

· Use of oral contraceptives

Some foods also enhance the migraine pain intensely. Common dietary elements leading to migraine are:

1. Chocolate,

2. Dry fruits

3. Fermented condiments,

4. Tyramine containing compounds like aged cheese or smoked fish

5. Preservatives and artificial sweetener containing diets

The chemicals from the above food groups are either trigger the migraine pain or the cravings for such food are responsible for this tender

Remedies to Treat Headaches:

Finger pressures: 
Exerting pressure on the pressure points like where the bones of your thumb or the index finger connects help to reduce pains of all categories. It’s amazing that the harder you put the pressure from the finger on your head, the more you feel comfortable and your pain is gone.

Towing hair: 
Slowly pick some hair over your nape and pull it then continue pulling more hair in your fist closer to the scalp. Use both the fists to pull a bunch of hair. Pull for three seconds and then release the pressure, continue the process until you reach the forehead. Then repeat the procedure at the back of the ear. This procedure will ease the pain for at least ten minutes.

The Temperature Gradients: 
You can treat the headaches by hot or cold techniques. If you are considering for a warm solution, take a hot bath or use hot water bottle to massage your head, you can use heating pads either, On the contrary if you need some cold remedies, put some ice packs on your head, you can use frozen vegetables as packs on skin to lower your headache and nourish your skin simultaneously.

Work outs as alternative healing has been found very effective in reducing muscular or skeletal pains. Here also stretch work outs can help you to get rid of the head ache fast. The most functional types of stretches include

· Neck movements like chin forward, upward, and revolving toward each shoulder

· Shrugging the shoulders up, forward, up and back

· Press your palm on your forehead and hold for a while then press the palm on each side of the head this technique is known as neck isometrics

A twenty minutes, twice a day workout will be enough to get rid of headaches and perform these exercise by alternative holding and releasing the stretch for five minutes each and a single stretch is repeated two to three times per session.

Foot Bath: 
It might sound ridiculous that foot bathing will relief the headache but it works; a hot water basin in which your feet are immersed for a suitable length of time will draw blood flow to the lower portion of your body, thus releasing the tension in your forehead blood vessels.

Oxygen is vital for life and this oxygen will help in reducing headaches. Deep breathing can help you get rid of the head ache; you can exhale or inhale with deep breaths few times a day. An authentic medical research has proven evidences that regular aerobic exercises can reduce migraines and other form of headaches. These exercises include swimming, cycling or a simple few miles walk.

When you are in deep thought or in a meditative state you are not feeling any pain. Your mind is totally focused at a point and you couldn’t be distracted further. However, the significant relation of meditation on relieving pain is not established.

Rubbing your feet relaxes your body and relieves the pain. The pressure points, all over your sole will trigger the pain zones to reduce the stress. Children are treated more effectively through such technique. You can rub your feet yourself or can ask somebody to give your feet a slightly pressured massage.

Dietary and Aromatic Home Remedies:

Peppermint tea: 
Peppermint tea is the most effective home remedy to eliminate headaches. A cup of peppermint tea relieves the migraine, effectively. Moreover, you can press the used peppermint tea bags, at the site of the pain to get an instantaneous relief from the cool and soothing aroma of the peppermint tea.

Lavender oil: 
Lavender oil is an essential oil. Few drops of lavender oil in a cup of boiling water will release the steam full of lavender aroma which soothes the headaches. Massage the oil on the forehead. This oil is not used orally.

Drinking caffeine lowers the swelling of blood vessels which helps to cure headaches. Withdrawal of caffeine is one of the causes of headache. Drink a cup of tea or coffee if you are feeling pain in your forehead.

Cinnamon and Sugar: 
A good home treatment for curing headache is cinnamon and sugar solution. Take some bits of cinnamon and ground it to a powder. take a cup of boiling water and add this cinnamon powder with two teaspoon sugar. boiling water will release the ingredients from cinnamon and sugar into the air. Sniff the fumes to lessen the sinus oriented and stress based headache, pour this cinnamon sugar solution into an air tight zip locked bag. Hold against the pain spot and press gently to remove the pain

Fish Oil: 
it is said that ingestion of omega 3 fatty acids will reduce inflammation, lowers the blood pressure and inhibits blood from clotting; this overall physiology will eventually exert less stress on the head and treat headaches.

Apple and Apple Cider Vinegar: 
Both apple and apple cider vinegar balance the body pH. And thus relieves the tense headaches, even aroma from green apple reduces the headaches. Add four table spoon apple cider vinegar in a cup of boiling water and smell the scent.

Ginger root is a miraculous home treatment as it has potent therapeutic effects. ginger root acts by inhibiting the Prostaglandin synthesis in the body thus reducing the pain upshot.

Take three to four quarter sized ginger root slices and add them in a cup of water. let it simmers for half an hour. Keep the cup closed to retain the flavor. Drink this amazing solution for prompt relief.

Headache is not a disease, it is may be a sign of some underlying pathology or simply a symptom of environmental or physiological stress. Generally headaches are treated via massages, workouts, reflexive treatment and other pressure techniques, but there are many edibles or aromatic stuffs to treat the headaches effectively. If you are suffering from severe headaches try simple therapies and home remedies to get rid of the pinching pain.